BLOOD PRESSURE CHART, hypotension, hypertension

 BLOOD PRESSURE CHART BY AGE

BLOOD PRESSURE:

        Blood pressure is the pressure or force of circulating blood against the walls of blood vessels. Most of this pressure or force from the heart pumping blood through the circulatory system of our body.

BLOOD PRESSURE READING:

“mm Hg” – millimeters of mercury .
A measure of blood pressure, referring to the height to which the pressure in the blood vessels push a column of mercury.

BLOOD PRESSURE CATEGORIES IN THE GUIDELINE:

The guideline eliminates the category of prehypertension which was there in the earlier standards.

PREHYPERTENSION :

SYSTOLIC PRESSURE-between 120-139mm Hg refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during contraction of your heart muscles.

DIASTOLIC PRESSURE-between 80-89mm Hg refers to your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats.

BLOOD PRESSURE CHART BY AGE

Age Normal Mini (mmHg) Maximum(mmHg)

1 to 12 months 90/60         75/60                 110/75

1 to 5 years        95/60         80/55                     110/79

6 to 13 years      105/70         90/60                     115/80

14 to 19 years      117/77         105/73                     120/81

20 to 24 years      120/79         108/75                     132/83

25 to 29 years      121/80         109/76                     133/84

30  to 34 years             122/81         110/77                     134/85

35 to 39 years     123/82                 111/78                     135/86

40 to 44 years    125/83                 112/79                     137/87

45 to 49 years    127/84                 115/80                     138/88

50 to 54 years     129/85                 116/81                     142/89

55 to 59 years    131/86                118/86                     144/90

60 to 64 years    134/87                121/83                     147/91                                      

MEN’S BLOOD PRESSURE  BY AGE:

                                                      Age  Normal Mini(mmHg)           Maxi(mmHg)

14 to 19 years      117/77                 105/73                 120/81

20 to 24 years     120/79                 108/75                  132/83

25 to 29 years     121/80                 109/76                 133/84

30  to 34 years     122/81                 110/77                 134/85

35 to 39 years     123/82                 111/78                 135/86

40 to 44 years     124/83                 112/79                 137/87

45 to 49 years     126/84                 115/80                 139/88

50 to 54 years     129/85                 116/81                 142/89

55 to 59 years     131/86                 118/82                 144/90

60  & Above     134/87                 122/84                 146/94

WOMEN’S  BLOOD PRESSURE BY AGE:

Age Normal Mini(mmHg) Maxi(mmHg)

14 to 19 years 117/77         105/73     120/81

20 to 24 years 120/79         108/75     132/83

25 to 29 years 121/80         109/76     133/84

30  to 34 year    122/81         110/77     134/85

35 to 39 years 123/82         111/78     135/86

40 to 44 years 124/83         112/79     137/87

45 to 49 years 126/84         115/80     139/88

50 to 54 years 129/85         116/81     142/89

55 to 59 years 131/86         118/82     144/90

60 to Above 134/87         122/84     146/94

BLOOD PRESSURE LEVEL 

BLOOD PRESSURE LEVEL:

NORMAL: Diastatic Number Below 80 Systolic Number  Below 120mm Hg

ELEVATED: Diastatic Number Below 80 Systolic Number 120-129mm Hg

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE: Diastatic Number 80-89  Systolic Number  130-139mm Hg

STAGE-2 HYPERTENSION: Diastatic Number 90 or higher Systolic Number 140 or higher mm Hg

HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS: Diastatic Number 120 or higher systolic Number 180 or higher mm Hg 

RECOMMENDATIONS:

NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE:

Heart-Healthy lifestyle.

balanced diet.

getting regular exercise.

yearly checks.

ELEVATED BLOOD PRESSURE:

Healthy lifestyle changes.

reassessed in 3-6 months.

HIGH BLOOD PREESURE/STAGE-1:

10 Years heart diseases and stroke risk assessment.

Less than 10% risk, lifestyle changes, reassessed in 3-6 months.

BP Higher, lifestyle changes and meditation with monthly follow-ups until blood pressure is controlled.

Adding blood pressure medication based on your risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) such as heart attack or stroke.

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE/STAGE-2:

Lifestyle changes and 2 different classes of medicine, with monthly follow-ups until blood pressure is controlled.

LOW BLOOD PRESSURE:(HYPOTENSION)

Hypotension occurs when the blood pressure in the arteries falls below normal level. This means the heart, brain, lungs, kidney, and other parts of our body do not get enough blood. Hypotension is medical name for low blood pressure. 

TYPES OF LOW BLOOD PRESSURE:

(I) Orthostatic hypotension (or) postural hypotension
(II) Postprandial hypotension
(III) Severe hypotension

(I) Orthostatic hypotension (or) postural hypotension:

A  sudden drop in blood pressure caused by a changes in posture, such as when a person stands up quickly.

(II) Postprandial hypotension:

Postprandial hypotension is an excessive decrease in blood pressure that occur after  a meal. The intestine require a large amount of blood for digestion. 

90/60mm Hg                                                HYPOTENSION

80/60mm Hg                                                Nausea/Dizziness

80/50mm Hg                                                Fainting/Tired

70/50mm Hg                                                Weak/Blurry vision

60/45mm Hg                                                Sleepiness/Confusion

50/35mm Hg                                                Coma & Death 

Hypotension Symptoms:

Low blood pressure signals an underlying problem,  especially when it  drops suddenly by signs and symptoms such as: 

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Diarrhea or vomiting
  • Sweating or fever
  • Lack of concentration
  • Depression 
  • Light-Headedness
  • Fatigue
  • Fainting

Foods that Low Blood Pressure(hypotension):

some foods and drinks can help raise blood pressure such as,

  • Citrus fruits
  • Beans
  • Salty foods can increase blood pressure
  • Dash Diet
  • Garlic
  • Onion
  • Leafy greens,
  • Cocoa 
  • asparagus
  • Eggs
  • Olives etc.,

HYPERTENSION :(HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE)

High blood pressure is a sign that the heart and blood vessels are being overworked. Untreated, the diseases can lead ton atherosclerosis and congestive heart failure.

EFFECT OF HYPERTENSION:
Stroke

The high blood pressure causes to blood vessels and arteries in the brain. When a larger blockage of blood to the brain occurs, it’s called a stroke.

Vision loss

Blood vessels in the eyes can be damaged as well.

Heart Attack

The proper amount of blood can’t move through a blocked artery, it causes damage to the tissue or organs supposed to reach.

Heart Failure:

Our body depends on the heart’s pumping action to deliver oxygen and nutrient-rich blood to the body’s cells. When the cells are nourished properly, the body can function normally. The heart failure, the weakened heart can’t supply the cells with enough blood. This result in fatigue and shortness of breath and some people have coughing.

  • shortness of breath
  • trouble breathing

Kidney Disease/ Failure

Sexual Dysfunction

SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (hypertension):

High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. So the only way to find out if you have it is to get regular blood pressure checks from your health care provider. Your provider will use a gauge, a stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a blood pressure cuff.

  • Fatigue, swelling
  • Sweating
  • Temple Pain
  • Severe Headache
  • Vision Problem
  • Nose Bleed
  • Difficulty Breathing 
  • Chest Pain
  • Red Complexion
  • Nausea, Vomiting
  • Pounding in your Chest, Neck or Ears
  • Blood in the Urine
  • Irregular Heartbeat

TIPS TO CONTROL HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE(HYPERTENSION):

Talk to your doctor about the best ways you to lower your blood pressure.

  • Maintain  a healthy body weight.
  • Eat a heart healthy diet foods (Maximum added Potassium & Fiber).
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Don’t smoke .
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat a low Salt
  • Avoid excessive Alcohol use
  • Manage Stress
  • Regular Checkups
  • Medications

Foods that High Blood Pressure:

Salty foods in particular can cause high blood pressure. When you eat salt, your body retains more fluids, raising your blood volume and pressure. Sugary foods and foods high in saturated fats can also increase blood pressure. 
On the other hand, eating a heart-healthy diet can help you reach and maintain a healthy blood pressure.

  • Pomegranate Juice
  • Watermelon Seeds
  • Ginger-Cardamom Tea
  • Nuts
  • Hibiscus Tea
  • Dark Chocolate
  • Garlic
  • Panax Ginseng
  • Tomato
  • Carrots

SUMMARY

Blood pressure can be normal, high, or low. High blood pressure (hypertension) can increase your risk of conditions, like stroke. Low blood pressure (hypertension) is less common and can be caused by an underlying medical condition like heart failure.

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